February 13, 2013 the SBCCOE adopted the following recommendations from the Developmental Education Task Force for the Developmental Education Redesign
- Developmental Education Task Force Process Narrative (PDF download)
- Developmental Education Redesign FAQ (MS Word download)
- Enrollment Projections for the Redesign (MS Excel download)
To accelerate students by reducing the amount of time, number of developmental credits, and number of courses in the developmental sequence so students can be successful in a college level course. Accelerated learning will require a curriculum redesign. The following five principles are to be applied to curricular work:
- Use reverse curriculum design to redesign courses
- Design courses for what students need to know for success in college
- Encourage active learning by including active and/or experiential learning experiences with each lesson
- Make curriculum design and assessment of student learning and success a continuous process (see National Center for Academic Transformation work)
- Provide students with individualized assistance through embedded affective skills, professionalism, and support services as much as possible in the process
Prepare students testing into Reading, Writing, and/or Math at the high school level or higher to enter and succeed in 100 level or above classes. Students who do not test into at least high school level will be offered independent opportunities to remediate and reassess for placement (referred to in this document as Assessment Prep and Soft Landing).
Colleges will offer the following accelerated model which provides students with the opportunity to enter a 100 level class no later than their second term in enrollment.
Soft Landing. Colleges may offer a non-credit option for students who assess at RC 0-39 and/or SS 0-49 to prepare to reassess. The method of delivery is an institutional decision and may include, but is not limited to, referral to Adult Basic Education programs, boot camp, Core Skills Mastery, Assessment preparation, My Foundations Lab (MFL), Aleks, MOOC’s, or tutoring, all leading to reassessment for placement.
College Reading and Composition (CCR) Lab (CCR 091). Co-requisite credit-based support for CCR coursework.
CCR (CCR 092). Integrated reading and writing across the disciplines. Prepares students for college-level courses.
CCR (CCR 092) + Lab (CCR 091). Integrated reading and writing across the disciplines with co-requisite lab. Colleges may enroll students with RC 0-39 and/or SS 0-49 placement scores directly in CCR with a co requisite lab experience. This is designed to be a one semester experience that prepares students for college-level courses.
Studio D (CCR 093). Integrated reading and writing with co-requisite or linked 100-level courses within one or more of the four discipline strands.
Studio 121 (CCR 094). Co-requisite integrated reading and writing support paired or linked with ENG 121.
Discipline Strands. Discipline specific content in new CCNS courses would allow colleges to use reverse design to any of four groups of courses i.e. Communication, Arts and Humanities, Social Sciences, and Science depending on student’s completion goals.
Placement and transition. If students have taken any 100-level course in the 4 (four) discipline strands and passed it, they are finished with REA/ENG sequence. If they have taken and passed ENG 121, they have also completed their needed developmental courses. Students who have completed neither must take the appropriate CCR course based on their Sentence Skills score, or they can retest.
Colleges will offer students pathways to 100 level Math courses. Students will choose their path based on their career or major area of interest. Students should receive advising to help them choose the appropriate path and initial math course for their career and/or transfer goals.
Assessment Prep and Skill Refresher. Students who have an Assessment EA ≤ 29 and an AR ≤ 39 should be offered non-credit options for improving their Assessment score that might include and are not limited to referral to Adult Basic Education programs, boot camp, Core Skills Mastery, Assessment preparation programs, My Foundations Lab (MFL), Aleks, MOOC’s, or tutoring. Additionally, students with any developmental placement score have the option to do this same kind of preparation and re-test into the appropriate class.
Quantitative Literacy. Students who assess at EA 30-84 or AR ≥ 40 who are interested in taking a 100 level Non-Transfer or Non-STEM math course should enroll in Quantitative Literacy. This course will be reverse designed to include only content necessary for success in Non-STEM and Non-Transfer math courses. It is possible that a student who successfully completes this course may change their mind from a non-STEM or non-transfer path to a STEM path. If that is the case, the next course they should enroll in is the STEM prep course after successful completion of the Quantitative Literacy course.
STEM Prep. Students with an EA score 60-84 who choose the STEM pathway should enroll in this course. STEM Prep will be reverse designed to include only content necessary for success in MAT 121 and MAT 123.
Non-Transfer Math. Students who have an EL ALG ≥ 60 may enroll in MAT 103, 107, 108, 109, or 112.
Non-STEM. Students who have an EA score ≥ 85 may enroll in MAT 120, 135, 155, or 156.
STEM. Students with an EA score ≥ 85 may enroll in MAT 121 or MAT 123.
Math Learning Support Co-Req. Colleges may decide to offer a co-requisite learning support class for students with an EA score of 45 – 59 in STEM Prep, EA 30 – 60 or AR ≥ 40 in Non-Transfer and EA 80 – 85 in Non-STEM and STEM. This learning support co-requisite provides additional structured support to students who are close to the placement score and would like to enroll in the next course.
Math delivery: Courses at any point in the sequence may be delivered face to face, via modules, or online depending on space and staffing needs at the college.
Placement and transition. Before the CCCS Assessment can be developed, the following testing sequence will be given to all students who complete math placement exams: the elementary algebra exam (EA) should be given first. Students will only take the arithmetic (AR) exam if they score below a 30 on the EA. The AR exam should be used as a secondary measurement to allow students to place into Quantitative Literacy or a math learning support co-requisite with a non-transfer math course.
A redesign advisory group will be formed to address the administrative issues and ensure smooth implementation, i.e. BANNER, Business Officers, Advising, Financial Aid.
To ensure effective implementation of the DETF recommendations, CCCS should provide a line item budget developed in consultation with individual colleges, the Redesign Implementation Team, and functional groups to accomplish tasks outlined in this document.
The State Faculty Curriculum Committee and Educational Services need to ensure an expedited curriculum approval process for the new courses being developed. Additionally, campus curriculum review processes must be expedited to allow colleges to adopt new courses as they become available.
- A CCCS specific Assessment will be created using the College Board “strands” and matching test questions to competencies identified in coursework from the new developmental courses.
- All students should be given uniform, weighted, multiple measures included in their overall placement profile. The measures and weights adopted will come from College Board recommendations. A final placement score will incorporate subject test scores in addition to weighted non-cognitive questions.
- All placement scores referenced in this document are tentative and will likely need to change once the CCCS Assessment is in place. College Board recommendations will be used during CCCS Assessment implementation. The current plan for this review is as follows: once competencies for new courses are developed, faculty will work to develop the CCCS Assessment in conjunction with College Board. After the CCCS Assessment is given to an entering cohort of students in a fall semester, their placement scores and course success data will be reviewed by a faculty group to determine if the current placement scores are correct. Scores may be temporarily amended until another fall cohort of students use the test and we can collect outcome data (including course grades, and survey data from students and faculty to measure beliefs about appropriateness of placement) on the second cohort. Then, scores will be set based on data available, Fall, Spring, Summer, Fall. Following this roll out, the Assessment and placement scores will be normed every three to five years system wide.
- The CCCS Assessment scores should be validated every three to five years consistent with test recommendations from the College Board.
- Assessment calculators should be allowed to appear on the elementary algebra exam and in all other sections recommended by College Board.
- Each College should develop materials that emphasize the importance of the Assessment and recommend that students be prepared to take the test prior to taking the test.
- Once GED and ACT develop their new “college ready” standards in 2014, these standards should be incorporated into this document to allow students who have passed alternate college ready measures to place directly into college coursework.
- CCCS needs one Assessment site. Each system college Testing Administrator should have local access to individual college testing site. CCCS needs an Institutional Administrator (IA) for Assessment to perform the following tasks:
- Provide training and resources for Testing Center staff,
- Ensure consistency of standardized test administration,
- Create, in conjunction with the appropriate functional teams, uniform test delivery and scoring practices (i.e. ensure that all colleges administer the EA test before the AR test in math),
- Pull data from the system and provide regular reports and presentations to CCCS functional groups and constituency groups, and
- Ensure the Assessment is normed on a regular basis
- Testing Center Directors should form a functional work group –like Financial Aid, Advising, and Registrars. The System IA shall be a part of this team. This testing center team will meet regularly with the System IA to determine processes and procedures that can be standardized across colleges and to stay current with system changes to ensure consistency between institutions. Standardized processes and procedures include, but are not limited to, number of retakes, common non-cognitive questions, and test cost.
- To support accelerated learning courses, it is important to sustain the non–cognitive and affective dimensions of student learning. CCCS colleges will provide students with access to academic success strategies, college readiness skills, and career counseling.
- To address barriers to student success, retention, and completion, colleges can use a variety of strategies identified as successful through CCSSE: academic advising, career coaching, case management, orientation, goal setting and academic planning, no late registrations, first year experience, student success courses, tutoring, supplemental instruction, and/or other data informed best practice strategies.
- Each college will adopt a plan that addresses planning for success, initiating success, and sustaining success for developmental students using these CCSSE strategies. Minimally the college plan should address the three points – planning, initiating, and sustaining success – by using three different strategies; more are encouraged but not required.
- Each College will develop a plan that engages developmental students from their first contact with the College through the completion of their remedial sequence and their entry into college level work. Colleges will identify how they are helping students plan for success through their assessment and placement, through their orientations, through academic goal setting and planning and/or through the registration process. Colleges will also demonstrate how they initiate success for students by providing accelerated or fast track developmental education, a first year experience, a student success course, and/or learning communities. The Colleges will also describe the intentional strategies they have in place to sustain success such as class attendance, alert and intervention programs, experiential learning beyond the classroom, tutoring, and supplemental instruction.
Faculty Development and Staff Support
CCCS will fund a system of faculty and staff support to carry out the developmental education redesign.
Colleges can choose from a number of strategies to facilitate successful implementation of the new models.
These strategies include the following:
- Offer limited full time positions to current adjunct instructors during the implementation phase of this work to stabilize our workforce to allow for program adoption to scale on an accelerated pace.
- Provide release time to current full time faculty and pay to adjunct faculty so they can work with the implementation team to prepare to offer new courses and formats.
- Offer course release opportunities and reassigned time to faculty and staff to develop and implement student success strategies.
- Offer other functional work groups on campus–like BANNER, Advising, Testing–time to address the issues of the implementation process.
- Provide, in partnership with CCCS, continuing professional development for all faculty and staff focusing on research-based student success strategies.
- Offer transfer level faculty the opportunity to train and understand the same delivery models that will be used in developmental education.
Colleges will create a professional development plan to give current faculty the opportunity to improve their skills to meet the requirements of the new courses. Particularly in areas where it might be a preferable delivery strategy to train current developmental and college level faculty to teach the same content, the professional development plan should address how that training will happen on each campus.
Measures of Success and Assessment
Successful developmental students and programs should be measured in the following ways:
- Math — Successful completion of any college level (100+) math course.
- College Reading and Composition (English & Reading) — Successful completion of ENG121 or other 100 level discipline strands course.